What were the Causes of the Texas Revolution?
In 1821 the Mexicans won their independence from Spain in 1821 and founded the Mexican Republic. Soon after this event immigrants from the United States settled in the northeastern part of the new republic - which was called Texas. Why did the Texas Revolution start? The causes of the rebellion of the Americans leading to the Texas Revolution were:
● Cultural differences between the Mexicans and the Americans
● ● Language - Americans unwilling to speak Spanish
● ● Religion - Americans unwilling to accept the Roman Catholic
● ● Judicial system - Mexican system 'guilty until proved innocent' as opposed to American system of 'innocent until proved guilty'
● ● Slavery - the Mexicans opposed slavery, whereas many Americans had been raised in the slave states of the south
● Role of the Mexican military to collect taxes
● The autocracy of Santa Anna and the bureaucracy of the government
● Changes in the government to a less democratic system
● ● The Mexican constitution based on in favor of states’ rights, as opposed to federal control was overturned
● The Americans retained trading links with the U.S.
● Many Americans believed that Texas, and other parts of Mexico, should belong to the U.S.
Texas Revolution Battles
The names and dates of Texas Revolution battles were as follows:
Dates of Battles - Names of Battles - Location of Battles - Results of BattlesOctober 2, 1835 - Battle of Gonzales - Gonzales - Texan Victory
October 10, 1835 - Battle of Goliad - Goliad - Texan VictoryOctober 28, 1835 - Battle of Concepcion - San Antonio de Bexar - Texan Victory
November 4–5, 1835 - Battle of Lipantitlan - San Patricio - Texan VictoryNovember 26, 1835 - Grass Fight - San Antonio de Bexar - Texan Victory
February 27, 1836 - Battle of San Patricio - San Patricio - Mexican VictoryFebruary 23 – March 6, 1836 - Battle of the Alamo - San Antonio de Bexar - Mexican Victory
March 2, 1836 - Battle of Agua Dulce - Agua Dulce - Mexican VictoryMarch 14, 1836 - Battle of Refugio - Refugio - Mexican Victory
March 19–20, 1836 - Battle of Coleto - Goliad - Mexican VictoryApril 21, 1836 - Battle of San Jacinto - Near modern La Porte, Harris County, Texas - Texan Victory
Reverse of the Texas State Seal
The "Come and take it" flag was raised by the Texans at the Battle of Gonzales
Texas Revolution Battles: Reverse of the Texas State Seal
The history of the Texas Revolution Battles are reflected in the reverse of the Texas State Seal. The central shield depicts images of the mission (the site of the Battle of the Alamo), a cannon (that played a Important role in the Battle of Gonzales) and a bridge (this depicts Vince's Bridge that played a Important part in the Battle of Jacinto).
Texas Revolution Battles: The Battle of Gonzales
The Battle of Gonzales was the first military conflict in the Texas Revolution fought on October 2, 1835. The small cannon sparked the conflict. The Mexican authorities had given the American settlers of the town of Gonzales a small cannon to help protect them from frequent raids by Comanche Native Indians. As political unrest increased with rebellions in different states the Mexicans demanded the return of the small cannon. The Texan colonists refused and the Battle of Gonzales commenced that resulted in the death of one Mexican soldier and the start of the Texas Revolution.
Texas Revolution Battles: The Battle of the Alamo
The Battle of the Alamo was the most famous battle in the Texas Revolution. A small group of 180 Americans, led by William B. Travis, Jim Bowie and Davy Crocket battled against the force of a 4000 Mexican army led by General Santa Anna.
Texas Revolution Battles: The Battle of Jacinto
The Battle of Jacinto was the final battle of the Texas Revolution fought on April 21, 1836. General Sam Houston led the Texan army in the battle that was fought by the San Jacinto River. Vince's Bridge played a critical role during the Battle of San Jacinto. Vince's Bridge was a wooden bridge constructed by Allen Vince over Sims Bayou near Harrisburg. Acting under the orders of Sam Houston Vince's bridge was destroyed by Texan troops led by Deaf Smith. The destruction of Vince's bridge prevented the arrival of re-enforcements to General Santa Anna's Mexican Army (who had divided his force) and resulted in the decisive defeat of the Mexican army, effectively ended the Texas Revolution. The Battle of Jacinto was a rout, as hundreds of Mexican soldiers were killed or captured. General Santa Anna was one of those captured and on May 14, 1836 signed the peace Treaty of Velasco. The demoralized Mexican army, crossed the Rio Grande back into Mexico on June 15, 1836.
Texas Revolution: The Goliad Massacre
A notable and tragic event of the Texas Revolution was the Goliad Massacre. The Goliad Massacre occurred on March 27, 1836, when over 350 Texan prisoners, and their commander James Fannin, were executed by Mexican forces. Most of the Texan prisoners had surrendered at the Battle of Coleto which was fought on March 19–20, 1836. The Texans had been massively out-numbered by the Mexicans, led by José Urrea, and had run out of ammunition. José Urrea, acting under orders from General Santa Anna, could not accept anything but an unconditional surrender. The terms of surrender are unclear but it is believed that the Texans were promised their lives and deportment to New Orleans if they laid down their arms and surrended to Urrea. The captives were sent to Goliad. Santa Anna demanded they should all be executed. Urrea tried to convince the general to spare them but he failed. The Texans were to be executed under the command of Colonel Nicolás de la Portilla. The executions were called the Goliad Massacre. The actual number of executions is unclear but estimated to be between 350 to 400. The men were shot, their bodies burned and their remains left to the elements. The Goliad Massacre increased the resolve of the men who were bravely fighting in the Texas Revolution.
The info about the Texas Revolution provides interesting facts and important information about this important event that occured during the presidency of the 7th President of the United States of America.
Facts about the Texas Revolution: Facts and Timeline for kids
Interesting Texas Revolution Facts and Timeline for kids are detailed below. The history of the Texas Revolution is told in a factual timeline sequence consisting of a series of interesting, short facts providing a simple method of relating the history of the Texas Revolution and its battles for kids, schools and homework projects.
Texas Revolution Facts and Timeline for kids
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 1: 1829: President Andrew Jackson again offers to purchase Texas, for $1 million. Mexican President Vicente Guerrero declines
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 2: April 6, 1830: The Mexican government bans American immigration to Texas
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 3: April 1, 1833: Santa Anna is elected president of Mexico
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 4: October 2, 1835: Battle of Gonzales - Texan Victory
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 5: October 10, 1835: Battle of Goliad - Texan Victory
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 6: October 28, 1835: Battle of Concepcion - Texan Victory
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 7: November 4–5, 1835:Battle of Lipantitlan - Texan Victory
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 8: November 1835: Sam Houston was selected as Commander-in-Chief of the Texas Army
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 9: November 26, 1835: Grass Fight - Texan Victory
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 10: December 12, 1835: Sam Houston issues a proclamation to recruit a Regular Texas Army
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 11: December 17, 1835: Sam Houston is ordered by the Texas Governor Henry Smith to attack Matamoros. Houston orders Jim Bowie to lead the Matamoros expedition
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 12: December 30, 1835: Santa Anna and the Mexican Congress declare that that all foreigners taken in arms against the government should be treated as pirates and shot
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 13: February 27, 1836: Battle of San Patricio - Mexican Victory
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 14: February 23 – March 6, 1836: Battle of the Alamo. Heroic leaders William Travis, Jim Bowie and Davy Crocket are all killed during the siege - Mexican Victory
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 15: February 24, 1836: William B. Travis writes his Victory or Death Letter
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 16: March 2, 1836: Battle of Agua Dulce - Mexican Victory
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 17: March 2, 1836: The Texas Declaration of Independence is signed and the Republic of Texas is declared
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 18: March 6, 1836: The bloody siege of the Battle of the Alamo ends. Over 600 Mexicans were killed during the Battle of the Alamo and countless injured
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 19: March 14, 1836: Battle of Refugio - Mexican Victory
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 20: March 19–20, 1836: Battle of Coleto - Mexican Victory
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 21: March 27, 1836: The Goliad Massacre - 350-400 Americans executed
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 22: April 21, 1836: Battle of San Jacinto - Texan Victory
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 23: April 22, 1836: General Santa Anna is captured
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 24: May 14, 1836: The peace treaty of Velasco is signed by the Republic of Texas and General Santa Anna of Mexico.
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 25: June 15, 1836: The Mexican army, crosses the Rio Grande back into Mexico
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 26: October 22, 1836: Sam Houston is named President of the Republic of Texas
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 27: May 14, 1836: The peace treaty of Velasco are signed by the Republic of Texas and General Santa Anna of Mexico.
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 28: June 15, 1836: The demoralized Mexican army, cross the Rio Grande back into Mexico
Texas Revolution Timeline Fact 29: December 29, 1845: Texas becomes part of the United States - refer to Texas Annexation
Texas Revolution Facts and Timeline for kids
The Texas Revolution for kids: The Texas Annexation Issue
Following the Texas Revolution and their declaration of independence from the Republic of Mexico the vast majority of Texas citizens favored Texas Annexation by the United States. However, this suggestion received significant opposition by the leaders of both Important American political parties (the Democratic party and the Whig Party). The US politicians strenuously objected to incorporating Texas, which was a vast slave owning region, into the United States due to the volatile political climate and the bitter question of slavery that divided the north and the south. In early 1845 John O’Sullivan initiates the phrase 'Manifest Destiny' and on December 29, 1845 at last became part of the United States.
Texas Revolution for kids - President Andrew Jackson Video
The article on the Texas Revolution for kids provides an overview of one of the Important issues of his presidential term in office. The following Andrew Jackson video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 7th American President whose presidency spanned from March 4, 1829 to March 4, 1837.
● Interesting Facts about Texas Revolution for kids and schools
● Key events Texas Revolution for kids
● The Texas Revolution, a Important event in US history
● Andrew Jackson Presidency from March 4, 1829 to March 4, 1837
● Fast, fun, interesting timeline about Important events
● Foreign & Domestic policies of President Andrew Jackson
● Texas Revolution for schools, homework, kids and children
The Texas Revolution
Essay add: 3-08-2016, 17:34 / Views: 436
In 1832 General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna became Mexico’s president. Many colonists hoped that Antonio would make Texas a self-governed state within the United States. Once in power, Santa Anna was less truthful than many Texans were led to believe. In mid 1834 Santa Anna overthrew Mexico’s constitutional government, abolished state governments, and pronounced himself as dictator. When Stephen F. Austin went to try to settle Texans’ hardships Antonio had the nerve to imprison him in a Mexican jail for twelve long months.
The Texans began to prepare for war. They elected Sam Houston as commanding general of. whatever military forces he could gather. But little did everyone know what would come upon them. On October 2nd of 1835 the first battle of the Texas Revolution began. The Mexican authorities sent a force of 100 men to repossess cannon. The cannon had been provided to the residents of Gonzales to use as defense against the Indians. In reaction to the forces, The Texans under the commands of John H. Moore and J.W.E. Wallace loaded the cannon and fired the shot that began the Battle of Gonzales and the beginning of the Texas revolution. After a very short fight, the Mexicans retreated with one casualty. But things were just getting started.
Soon news spread that Santa Anna himself was marching North with 7,000 soldiers to crush the revolt. When Sam Houston learned that Santa Anna wanted to recapture San Antonio to be abandoned. But a rebellious group of 150 decided to defend their city and they made their stand at an abandoned Spanish Mission, the Alamo. For 12 days Mexican Forces attacked the Alamo. Legend has it that on March 5, 1835 when William Travis realized the defense of the Alamo was useless he drew a thin line in the dirt with his sword. Travis then said only those willing to die for Texas’ Independence should cross the line and fight for the Alamo. All men but two did. On March 6 at 5 a.m. the Mexican troops destroyed the mission’s walls. By 8 a.m. the fighting was over and left 183 lay dead. Santa Anna’s troops suffered 1,500 causalities. "Remember the Alamo" became the battle cry of the Texas war of independence.
This defeat gave Sam Houston time to prepare an Army. Many volunteers including Juan Sequin from the South wanted to help. Juan was to be colonel. The Texans had about 750 men verses the Mexicans 1,500 men. Early in the morning men were sent to cut off the Mexicans only escape. When the long awaited order to advance was given, the Texans did not hesitate one bit. They “remembered the Alamo” and gave it their all. In a very short time 730 Mexican Soldiers were taken as prisoner and another 700 slain. The Battle for Texas had won.
A committee was formed to write the Texas Declaration of Independence. The president of the convention Richard Ellis appointed 5 men to do the job. George C. Childress wrote most of the document himself. The document hoped to get rid of Santa Anna, restore power to the state government, and declare Texas independent. Texas, having won its independence, became a republic. Independence from Mexico was declared on March 2nd, 1836, at the Washington-on-the-Brazos Convention fulfilling the Texas Declaration of Independence. Texas had finally achieved Independence.
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