Established in 1805, the Tana Baru (which means “new ground”) was South Africa’s first official Islamic burial site. For 200 years previously, Muslim burials had been “unofficial”. It was closed in 1886, not without protest, after the smallpox epidemic. Today the Tana Baru Trust administers the cemetery as a memorial to local history. All photos copyright Shafiq Morton.
The tombs of Tuan Guru (left) and Tuan Sayyid Alawi (right), Tana Baru, Cape Town, South Africa.
Tuan Sayyid Álawi, a descendent of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), hailed from Mocha in Yemen. After being imprisoned as an exile, he became a policeman and confidante of the slaves in the lodge at the bottom of Adderley Street.
Pages from the Qurán hand written from memory on Robben Island by Tuan Guru in the late 18th century.
The symbolic structure that houses the tomb of Tuan Guru, Imam Qadi Abdus Salam, a scholar and Prince of Tidore with Moroccan ancestry, who built SA’s first mosque and established its first madrasah in 1798. He was imprisoned on Robben Island by the Dutch and wrote the Qurán from memory.
Tuan Nuruman, Tana Baru, Cape Town.
The burial place of Tuan Nuruman, a 19th century imam and holy man of spiritual powers, who was imprisoned on Robben Island.
A marked grave in the Tana Baru.
An identifiable grave overlooks the vista of Table Mountain and the Bo Kaap, where the first Muslims lived in Cape Town in the 17th century.
The Lutherans, like the Muslims, were prohibited from freedom of worship by the Dutch statutes of India. This church, in a surviving pocket of historical Cape Town seen from the Tana Baru, was disguised as a barn.
Grave under a gumtree with city backdrop.
Engraved slate headstone, Tana Baru.
Shaikh Naazim Ádil al-Haqqani from Cyprus visited the Tana Baru in 1998.
Sayyid Muhammad Alawi al-Maliki from Makkah visited the tomb of Tuan Sayyid Alawi in 1997.
Local Government in Pakistan is a complex pattern, with distribution of power varying according to the local arrangements. Legislation concerning local government was enacted in the Local Government Ordinance, 2001, which outlines several levels of government.
(e.g. Rawalpindi Division)
(e.g. Jhelum District)
The District Coordination Officer is the administrative head of the District Administration. They have wide-ranging responsibility for overseeing, improving and directing the approved plans of the District Government.
The Zila Nazim used to be the executive head of the District Administration until 2010 when the government gave their powers to the District Coordination Officers also. Their role is similar to district governor or prefect, with responsibility for implementing government strategy and developing initiatives arising out of it.
In order to decentralize administrative and financial authority to be accountable to Local Governments, for good governance, effective delivery of services and transparent decision making through institutionalized participation of the people at grassroots level, elections to the local government institutions are held after every four years on none party basis by the Chief Election Commissioner of Pakistan.
Among the three tiers of local government, Tesil government is second tier of it. It is where the functions, responsibilities and authorities of districts government is divided into more smaller units, these units are know as "Tehsil". The Tehsils are used in all over the Pakistan except Sindh province where the word "Taluka"is used instead, although the functions and authorities are same. The head of the Tehsil government is "Tehsil Nazim"who is assist by the tehsil Naib-Nazim. Every tehsil have a Tehsil Municipal administration, consist of Tehsil council, Tehsil Nazim, tehsil/taluka municipal officer(TMO),Chief officer and other officials of local council.
Members of Union Council including Union Administrator and Vice Union Administrator are elected through direct elections based on adult franchise and on the basis of joint electorate. However, for the election to the reserved seats for Women in Zila Council proportionately divided among Tehsils or Towns shall be all members of the Union Councils in a Tehsil or Town. It is the responsibility of the Chief Election Commissioner to organize and conduct these elections.