Macro Business Environment Essay Writing

The Marketing Environment

The marketing environment surrounds and impacts upon the organization. There are three key elements to the marketing environment which are the internal environment, the microenvironment and the macroenvironment. Why are they important? Well marketers build both internal and external relationships. Marketers aim to deliver value to satisfied customers, so we need to assess and evaluate our internal business/corporate environment and our external environment which is subdivided into micro and macro.


The macroenvironment is less controllable. The macro environment consists of much larger all-encompassing influences (which impact the microenvironment) from the broader global society. Here we would consider culture, political issues, technology, the natural environment, economic issues and demographic factors amongst others.

Again for Walmart the wider global macro environment will certainly impact its business, and many of these factors are pretty much uncontrollable. Walmart trades mainly in the United States but also in international markets. For example in the United Kingdom Walmart trades as Asda. Walmart would need to take into account local customs and practices in the United Kingdom such as bank holidays and other local festivals. In the United Kingdom 2012 saw the 60th anniversary of Queen Elizabeth II’s reign which was a national celebration.

The United States and Europe experience different economic cycles, so trading in terms of interest rates needs to be considered. Also remember that Walmart can sell firearms in the United States which are illegal under local English law. There are many other macroeconomic influences such as governments and other publics, economic indicators such as inflation and exchange rates, and the level nature of the local technology in different countries. There are powerful influencers such as war (in Afghanistan for example) and natural disasters (such as the Japanese Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster) which inevitably would influence the business and would be out of its control.

To summarise, controllable factors tend to be included in your internal environment and your microenvironment. On the other hand less controllable factors tend to be in relation to your macro environment. Why not list your own controllable versus uncontrollable factors for a business of your choice?

Internal Environment

The internal environment has already been touched upon by other lessons on marketing teacher. For example, the lessons on internal marketing and also on the functions within an organization give a good starting point to look at our internal environment. A useful tool for quickly auditing your internal environment is known as the Five Ms which are Men, Money, Machinery, Materials and Markets. Here is a really quick example using British Airways. Looking internally at men, British Airways employees pilots, engineers, cabin crew, marketing managers, etc. Money is invested in the business by shareholders and banks for example. Machinery would include its aircraft but also access to air bridges and buses to ferry passengers from the terminal to the aircraft. Materials for a service business like British Airways would be aircraft fuel called kerosene (although if we were making aircraft materials would include aluminium, wiring, glass, fabric, and so on). Finally markets which we know can be both internal and external. Some might include a sixth M, which is minutes, since time is a valuable internal resource.

Let’s look at an example of how the internal environment would impact a company such as Walmart. We are looking at the immediate local influences which might include its marketing plans, how it implements customer relationship management, the influence of other functions such as strategy from its top management, research and development into new logistics solutions, how it makes sure that it purchases high-quality product at the lowest possible price, that accounting is undertaken efficiently and effectively, and of course its local supply chain management and logistics for which Walmart is famous.


The microenvironment is made from individuals and organizations that are close to the company and directly impact the customer experience. Examples would include the company itself, its suppliers, other marketing input from agencies, the markets and segments in which your business trades, your competition and also those around you (which public relations would call publics) who are not paying customers but still have an interest in your business. The Micro environment is relatively controllable since the actions of the business may influence such stakeholders.

Walmart’s Micro environment would be very much focused on immediate local issues. It would consider how to recruit, retain and extend products and services to customers. It would pay close attention to the actions and reactions of direct competitors. Walmart would build and nurture close relationships with key suppliers. The business would need to communicate and liaise with its publics such as neighbours which are close to its stores, or other road users. There will be other intermediaries as well including advertising agencies and trade unions amongst others.

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Tim Friesner

Marketing Teacher designs and delivers online marketing courses, training and resources for marketing learners, teachers and professionals. View all posts by Tim Friesner

Discuss The Importance Of Environmental Analysis In Managing Business Organisations

Task 1

Discuss the importance of environmental analysis in managing business organisations.
An environmental analysis in plays an essential role in business management by providing possible opportunities or threats outside the company in its external environment. The purpose of an environmental analysis is to help to develop a plan by keeping decision-makers within an organization. The changes can be include exchanging of executive parties, increasing guidelines to decrease pollution, technological developments, and fluctuating demographics. An environment analysis helps the industries to improve the outline of their environment to find more opportunities or threats.

Differentiate external and internal environment.
The environmental analysis has to be implemented at an internal level, as well as an external level, to identify all opportunities and threats of the external and internal environment. Moreover this analysis is helpful to find the strengths and weaknesses of the any organization. External analysis of the environment is generally emphases on the customers. External environmental also refers to the aspects of the technological, commercial, economic, financial, political, regulatory, socio-cultural and physical environments of an organization.Whereas, the internal analysis focuses at the current situation of resources, strengths or weakness of an organization. Internal environment refers to the capabilities and limitations of the organisation and it has no limitations.

Give at least 3 variables in the external and internal environment. Discuss the potential effects of these variables to the business entity.

Employee Relations
Internal policies and procedures impact on business activities. For example, if the company is committed to promoting from within, company must ensure employees receive appropriate training and development to be ready for promotion when the time comes. They should monitor the number of employees qualified for retirement and ensure potential replacements or other staff members are trained to avoid a sudden withdrawal of business knowledge.
The amount of competition in industry affects the business or company's ability to trainee qualified workers. Industry giants find that candidates seek them out. There is no need to spend money advertising each recruitment in such a case, because candidates will visit the company website of their own agreement. They have to face the competition in the market.
Many employees related factors also influence his or her compensation. These can be performance. It is always rewarded with pay increase and as a result it motivates the workers to do better in future. It is a internal factor.

Laws and Regulations
Laws and regulations impact the remuneration of employees in many areas, such as:
Work hours and compulsory time-off (paid and unpaid)
Minimum wage
Compulsory bonuses
Employment at will

The business entity external environment is included everything that is outside the entity.

1.In what way the stakeholders can affect the future of the business?
Stakeholder, which relates to investors or owners in a firm or business. Stakeholders can be defined as individuals and groups who are affected by the activities of an organization. Internal stakeholders include managers and employees and are those that are situated within the company and affect the day-to-day running of the organization.

Task 2

Using the diagram as shown in the next page, discuss the importance of environmental analysis and its impact to the business entity by answering questions A, B and C.

Mr. Webby is the owner-manager of Pick and Carry, a big grocery store in Auckland City. He started the business in 2008 without any feasibility studies conducted to determine the viability of the business. In 2010, his business experienced a great loss/deficit amounting to NZ$50,000. The deficit was due to the fact that Pick and Carry could not compete with the strongly established grocery shops in Auckland City specifically New World and Countdown. Because of Pick and Carry's deficit, Mr. Webby planned to shift the business into a department store, hoping that the new business can recover its huge deficit. However, Mr. Webby is worried because the GNPof the country will likely require the New Zealand council to increase its taxes and there is an increasing production cost due to inflation. If Mr. Webby solicits your opinion about his newly proposed business, how would you address his questions and concerns?:

How will the competitors, suppliers and customers affect the business?
Any business can face huge deficit if they don't know about feasibility studies. In the competitive market there is more competitors in a particular business, the business activity would be improved with more competitors, the consumers would have more choice. Moreover, this will increase competition would also result in competitive cost which would further attract the consumers.

Analyse the influences of the following macro-environmental forces to the proposed business:

Legal/Regulatory: Sometimes Legal factors can limit and legal rules change with time in a business operates. For example, company may have to hire additional supervisory staff or purchase safety equipment after a new health and safety law is passed. Legal factors are determined by both local legislation and regional and national laws. In some cases, companies who are doing exporting in other counties they have to follow the international laws also.
Social/cultural: The humor and demographics of the people are come in the social area of macro environment factors. Social movements, such as a mobile is a favorite media devices among people, which can also influence the products a company producers and where it chooses to spend advertising dollars to promote their products in society.
Technological: Technological macro environment factors can influence how an organization does business. Any business can use a new type of equipment, computers that are nowadays use for the development of the company. Company owners must be able to correctly recognize the new developments which will help owners to see the development in their company performance.
Economic: economic factor is also influence the business or an investment money in the business. Various economic factors should be taken into financial conditions of the company. For a business, there are many key economic factors include influence the performance of business that are interest rate, government taxes and labour cost.

Who are the stakeholders of the business?
There are many stakeholders in this business such as competitor, customers, potential substitutes, potential entrants, and suppliers.

Task 3

Miss Parker is the long time general manager of MAC, the biggest food chain in Dunedin. The owner of MAC plans to open a new branch in Auckland City. Since the general manager knows that you have a Diploma in Business from IANZ, she seeks your advice on how to do the following strategic management steps:

a. Statement of the Business Mission
b. Environmental Analysis: Is the process of fact finding and determining how to make improvements within the environment to attract more customers. The system analyst, with user approval, specifies "what" the system should do to make this MAC branch more popular among people. Mac are continuously improving our operations and enhancing our customers' experience.
c. Identification of Strengths and Weaknesses:
Largest fast food market share in the world
Brand recognition valued at $40 billion
$2 billion advertising budget
Locally adapted food menus
Partnerships with best brands
More than 80% of restaurants are owned by independent franchisees
Children targeting
Negative marketing
Unhealthy food set of choices
Mac Job and high employee turnover
Low differentiation
Values of Organizational Leaders:
Value of leaders Development is stranded in talent management and he/she can have the ability to do career planning, Individual Development plans, career maps, succession planning, learning activities, and etc. they have the capability to know their strengths, social and develop their skills through experience.

Development of Alternative Strategies:
Five force framework: in this process they are adding new dishes to give tough competition to other food markets.
Industry cycle: the changes they are making to attract more customers.
PESTEL: - This is identify the changes need to make in organization.

Task 4

You are a manufacturer of beauty products in New Zealand. Your business market power is heavily dependent on the exportation of these products. If the global economy is not in a good condition and the countries where you export your products are experiencing inflation, serious poverty and unemployment, what are the possible effects of the global economy to your business in New Zealand Make a flowchart to present the effects of the macro-environment to the business entity?

Source: Essay UK -

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