This article includes an introduction, causes, prevention, solution and treatment for drug addition among young people.
Introduction: The term ‘drug’ has now been given a new connotation. It was used originally to means ‘medicine’.
However, now-a-days, the term ‘drug’ means not only medicine, but also the fatal narcotics that include cocaine, heroin, brown sugar, and many other specifications. All these drugs have their evil effects on the mind and body cells of the addicts. The young generations, particularly teenagers, are the worst victims of evils of Drug Addiction.
Meaning of Drug Addiction
Drug Addiction (also called substance use disorder) is a brain disease. The addict becomes dependent on the drug. The addict uses it, despite having full knowledge of its harmful effects on health. It is considered a brain disease because it changes the structure and functioning of the brain.
- There is an uncontrollable desire or craving to consume the drug.
- Addicted people often engage in compulsive behavior to obtain the drugs.
- The addicts find if impossible to control the drug intake.
- In case of drug abuse, people start taking drugs in larger doses than the recommended doses.
- The addict is not able to discharge his day-to-day responsibilities in an efficient manner.
- It effects both the physical and mental health of the addict. Very often, addicts witness extreme changes in body weight.
- Very often, the addict stops socializing.
Sometimes, drug addiction is also referred to as drug dependency since the addict develops dependency or addiction for a particular drug.
Causes of Drug Addiction among Youth
The reasons why a young person gets addicted to these harmful drugs are many.
Curiosities, desire for pleasure, social excommunication, mental gap, lack of self-reliance are some of the reasons why these youth becomes a drug-addict.
Lack of self-confidence, that is inferiority complex, has been marked as cause of one’s becoming a drug addict.
Peer pressure, excessive stress, lack of parental involvement in child’s activities, are among the leading causes for drug addiction among youth and teen people.
The problem of drug addiction is all the more serious because the addicts are mostly young school or college going boys and girls, the future citizens of a country, on whom will depend in future its welfare and the welfare of its people. So, it is imperative to see that such young boys and girls may be no means fall victims to drug addiction.
Solution for Drug Addiction:
Rehabilitation of the young drug-addicts is a major social problem.
The need of raising the level of consciousness of self through proper education has been suggested as a proper step.
Those who thus become able to overcome their addiction can tutor other young addicts.
The need of forming a healthy environment where the needs of these youth can be met is equally important.
The trading of harmful drugs such as cocoa, opium, etc. should be properly controlled.
International projects should be taken to prohibit manufacturing of such harmful drugs.
Drug addiction among youth can be prevented if the youth are taught of its harmful consequences. If the young people are aware of the harmful effects of drug abuse, they would avoid drug abuse at the first instance. Hence, drug abuse preventive programmes, if implemented effectively at schools and colleges, can become the most successful method to reduce and alleviate the problem of Drug addiction among youth.
Treatment of Drug Addiction:
Treatment of the drug-addicts can be done through different medical processes. When a patient is made to give up his addiction, he suffers from several physical troubles. If he is treated through the method of detoxification by a gradual process he regains his normalcy gradually. When detoxification is completed, psychiatric treatment of the patient is to be started.
Attempts are made to release the need for the drugs from the mind of the addict. Most people get better results if they include yoga, meditation and hypnotherapy as part of their treatment procedure.
The members of his family should be advised how to behave with the patient. In fact the help and co-operation of the same elements of the society is essential for the rehabilitation of the drug addicts in society. They should take the solemn vow of uniting for a drug-free world.
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There are many symptoms of drug abuse, but some of the most common signs your teen is abusing drugs are:
* Problems with the law, such as DUI, breaking curfew, stealing, etc.
* Problems at school, such as excessive tardiness, poor grades, suspension, etc.
* Mood swings
* Loss of interest in favorite activities
* Drug paraphernalia
* Violent behavior
* Poor hygiene
* Missing money
Effects of Drug Abuse on Teens
Drug abuse at any age can cause serious health effects, but teens who abuse drugs are at particular risk for negative consequences. Teens who abuse drugs are more likely to struggle with addiction later in life and have permanent and irreversible brain damage. Some other common negative effects of teen drug abuse are:
* Emotional problems. Drug abuse can cause or mask emotional problems such as anxiety, depression, mood swings, suicidal thoughts and schizophrenia. In fact, among teens with major depression, 34.6 percent report using drugs. Unfortunately, drug use can also increase the severity of these emotional problems. For example, teens that use marijuana weekly double their risk of depression and anxiety.
* Behavioral problems. Teens who abuse drugs have an increased risk of social problems, depression, suicidal thoughts and violence. According to a recent survey by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, teens who abuse drugs are more likely than teens who don’t abuse drugs to engage in delinquent behaviors such as fighting and stealing.
* Addiction and dependence. Studies prove that the younger a person is when they begin using drugs the more likely they are to develop a substance abuse problem and relapse later in life.
* Risky sex. Teens that use drugs are five times more likely to have sex than teens who don’t use drugs. Teens that use drugs are also more likely to have unprotected sex and have sex with a stranger. This leads to higher risks of STDs, teen pregnancy and sexual assault.
* Learning problems. Drug abuse damages short-term and long-term memory and can lead to problems with learning and memory later in life.
* Diseases. Teens who abuse drugs with needles increase their risk of blood-borne diseases like HIV, AIDS and Hepatitis B and C.
* Brain damage. Drug abuse among teens can result in serious mental disorders or permanent, irreversible damage to the brain or nervous system. Brain damage among teens who abuse drugs includes brain shrinkage; impaired learning abilities; amnesia and memory problems; impaired reasoning, perception and intuition; increased or decreased socialization; and changes in sexual desire.
* Car accidents. Teenagers who abuse drugs are more likely to be involved in car accident-related injuries or death. One study showed that 4 to 14 percent of drivers who are injured or die in traffic accidents test positive for THC.
Teen Drug Treatment
If you know a teen who is abusing drugs, don’t wait to intervene. The sooner your teen gets help for drug abuse, the more likely they’ll be to avoid the long-lasting consequences. Fortunately, there are many different teen drug rehabs to choose from. The most effective teen drug rehab, however, may be a residential treatment program. Here your teen will have access to 24/7 supervision and care, detoxification, dual diagnosis treatment and a variety of holistic treatments based on their individual needs. Talk to a medical doctor about your teen’s symptoms and determine which type of drug abuse treatment is best for your teen.